|History of the Cross-National Time-Series Data Archive|
The Cross-National Time-Series Data Archive, abbreviated CNTS, was a product of the
State University of New York (Binghamton), launched in the fall of 1968 by Arthur S. Banks under the aegis of the University's Center for
Comparative Political Research (subsequently the Center for Social Analysis). Arthur S. Banks is currently Professor Emeritus of Political Science at Binghamton
University, Binghamton, New York. His lengthy service (1968-1996) included nearly a decade
as department chairman. His numerous publications include A Cross-Polity Survey
(with Robert B. Textor, 1963) and senior editorship of the Political Handbook of the
World from 1975 to 1997.
The archive was, in part, the outcome of an effort initiated a year earlier to assemble, in machine readable, longitudinal format, certain of the aggregate data resources of The Statesman's Yearbook, an annual with a history of continuous publication since 1864, which had never been systematically mined for quantitative materials of potential utility for comparative social scientists. Many of the data extracted from this source proved, however to be of questionable reliability (particularly for the earlier years) and a large number of additional sources were ultimately consulted. As a result of this, The Statesman's Yearbook was subsequently abandoned as a primary source.
In establishing the archive, it was decided to assemble materials, insofar as possible, dating from 1815 (immediately after the Congress of Vienna and formation of the modern international system). It was also decided that all commonly recognized members of the international community should be represented, excluding a handful of quasi-states such as Andorra, Liechtenstein, Monaco, and Vatican City. In 1977, data for the latter were also introduced, with coverage extending from 1975.
The original file was punched and stored on IBM cards, but these quickly became too numerous for efficient utilization and, in the fall of 1969, were abandoned in favor of tape storage, for which various update, listing, and extraction procedures were concurrently developed.
In January 1971, 102 of the archive's variables were presented in a volume entitled Cross-Polity Time-Series Data. For some years thereafter magnetic tape copies of the file were distributed from Binghamton. Internet access was launched in December 1997.
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